Students taking this course learn sonographic abdominal structures with emphasis placed on anatomy, function, sonographic techniques, features, and variants. Knowledge of the diagnosis, history and physical findings as they pertain to the abdominal organs is presented.                                                                                                                                                                                     Prerequisite:   Anatomy & Physiology

Students taking this course learn comprehensive details of pathology and pathophysiology of the adult population as visualized by cardiac ultrasound examination including the aorta, pulmonary arteries, and vena cava. Topics include Doppler flow abnormalities. Students will distinguish and recall the differences between various adult heart diseases including ischemic diseases, cardiomyopathies, pericardial disease, cardiac tumor, valvular diseases, diseases of the aorta, hypertensive heart diseases. Quantitative cardiac assessment utilizing 2-D, M-Mode, and Doppler will be discussed. Students will recall causes, symptoms, complications, consequences, and treatment of these pathologies.                                                                                                                                                                    Prerequisite: ECHO 225 Echocardiography

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